Support for gender targets is up as unconscious gender bias remains top barrier to boardroom entry, finds IoD survey
“Board diversity is not just ‘a nice to have’, it’s about being commercially effective. It allows the best mix of skills and expertise to be harnessed to drive longterm shareholder value and business growth,” says IoD Ireland CEO, Maura Quinn, as preliminary results of the ‘Diversity in the Boardroom 2019– Are We Making Progress?’ survey are released.
According to preliminary results of the new survey, ‘Diversity in the Boardroom 2019 – Are We Making Progress?’ by the Institute of Directors in Ireland, there has been an increase in support for gender targets at board level among business leaders in Ireland over the past two years. The survey also reveals that 23% of the respondents said that there is less than 10% of women on the boards of which they sit. When asked if they thought this percentage had increased in the past two years, 59% said that it had not.
The survey was completed by 381 directors and business leaders (60% male, 40% female), who are members of the IoD Ireland. In addition, 84% of the respondents are current board members, with the remaining in senior executive roles. This release compares the 2019 results with those of a similar one conducted by the IoD Ireland in 2017.
Gender Quotas & Targets
The survey found that:
- 39% of respondents believe that gender targets rather than mandatory quotas should be introduced to increase the number of women on boards, an increase of 7% on the 2017 survey findings (32% in 2017).
- When the results are broken down by gender, it shows an increase of 6% (40% in 2017 and 46% in 2019) more women and an increase of 8% (26% in 2017 and 34% in 2019) more men are in favour of gender targets, compared with 2017.
- The survey also reveals that 17% of respondents believe that gender quotas are the most effective way to increase the number of women on boards (this was 18% in 2017).
- When broken down by gender, 21% (27% in 2017) of women and 15% (12% in 2017) of men agreed with this statement.
Maura Quinn, CEO, Institute of Directors, said:
“While there is now greater awareness of the imperative for gender diversity on boards, nothing substantially has changed in the composition of boards over the last two years. It appears this lack of progress has resulted in an increased call for gender targets and we must heed this call to ensure there is real traction on this issue in the future.”
The report also finds that:
- Collectively, men and women see unconscious bias as still the main barrier that women face when being appointed to boards, and this has increased by 11%, from 32% in 2017 to 43% in 2019.
- However, when the results are broken down by gender, female respondents no longer cite unconscious bias as the main barrier (this was 63% in 2017 and down 10% to 53% in 2019), but rather cite access to the same networks of contacts as men as the main reason, a jump of 10% from 44% in 2017 to 54% in 2019.
- While male respondents cite the ‘lack of a large enough pool of suitably qualified candidates’ as the main reason, down from 44% in 2017 to 41% in 2019.
Maura Quinn commented:
“Inclusion is a key precursor to diversity. So it’s critical that the corporate culture, a core responsibility of the board, helps to drive initiatives, such as coaching and mentoring, to encourage change throughout the organisation in an equitable way. Any gaps, biases and discriminatory behaviour – unconscious or not - can then be identified and addressed.”
"It’s also about creating a culture where women feel they can have the same access to opportunities as men, and so in turn can take their seat in the boardroom.”